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Tuesday, December 11, 2012

Happiness is…快乐是。。。


Every moment that you spend here on this planet, know that you are for a unique, big purpose, far greater than just to eat, sleep and talk. You are here for a greater cause. Just remember that.

Take a challenge — “Come what may, I am going to smile today and be happy!”

For our growth, and to strengthen our lives, we need to follow some rules. These rules are called “yama” (social ethics) and “niyama”(personal ethics). They are the first two steps (or limbs) of yoga of inner union.

Yama 
There are five rules to living peacefully in society and the environment:

The first rule is “ahimsa” or non-violence. Non-violence unites you with the whole of creation. Just as you don’t harm yourself, you don’t harm the rest of creation. Everything is part of you, so how can you harm anything? Ahimsa is the practice of yoga, of not harming, and realising that everything is here.

The second rule is “satyam” or truthfulness. You don’t lie to yourself, do you? You can’t lie to yourself. If you are weaving beads, you don’t say, “I am not weaving beads.” You are, and you know it. When you have chocolate in your hand, you don’t say, “I don’t have chocolate in my hand.” You do have chocolate in your hand!


The third is “astheya”, meaning, not missing what you don’t have at this moment, nor wishing things were different from what they are at the moment — not regretting. Astheya is not: “I wish I had a voice like that person! I wish I could sing like that person. I wish I were young like that person. I wish I could run like that person. I wish I could be as intelligent as that person…” It is not comparing yourself with others, and wishing for what they have and you don’t have.

Fourth is “brahmacharya”, meaning, not interested in the shapes and forms of the body. The mind, here, sees beyond the physical, to the infinite. Brahmacharya is keeping the mind on bigger things. “Brahma” means big; moving in bigger things. “I am small”, “I am a man”, “I am a woman”, “I am a good person”, “I am a bad person”, “I am hopeless” — all these are small identifications.


Fifth is “aparigraha”, meaning, not taking what people give you. You know, it is surprising that you often take the insults people give you, much more than their compliments! Right? Sometimes, they are not even “giving” you these insults — they are simply taking the insults “out of their pockets”, but you grab them, and keep them very safe with you! If someone is giving you garbage, they may not even really be giving you the garbage — they may simply be throwing it out, but you collect the garbage and hold on to it very safely! This is what most people do. They are ready to bounce up, take negativity and keep it to themselves.

Don’t take anything from anybody, including insults! Of course, compliments don’t really bother us! They just go to our heads! What really bother us are the insults, the hurt, and all the negative words that we take from people. Don’t take them! Do you understand? This is aparigraha.

Niyama
There are five rules for one’s inner development:

The first is “shaucha”, everyday cleanliness. It includes showering and keeping yourself clean, wearing clean clothes, and seeing that you don’t have bad breath. If someone stinks, they don’t notice it, but those sitting next to them do!

The second is “santosha” or contentment… happiness. Be happy! If you don’t take a step towards being happy, nothing in this world can make you happy, and you go on complaining about this and that.

Once, a farmer was complaining that the apples on his trees were not too good. Then, one year, he had very good apples! He had apples in plenty — three times more than the usual crop! Then he started complaining about having too much work to do, about having to pick all those apples, about how many were rotting, and about how the prices had gone down!

There’s no end to complaining — but life goes on anyway! It flows like a river. How do you want to live the rest of your life — the remaining 30, 40, or 50 years?

Smiling… or grumbling, feeling horrible about yourself, and blaming the whole world? So, the second rule is to be happy and content.

Third is “tapas” — forbearance or penance — meaning, something is uncomfortable, but you still put up with it happily. It’s like people who go on marathon walks for 20 miles or 20 kilometres. If we had to simply walk 20 kilometres, we would grumble, but when it’s a marathon, then one says, “Oh! I am going to walk!”

Whether you walk in a marathon, or you walk because your car broke down, your legs go through the same pain! But when you think you’re in a marathon, you come back the same, sweating and tired, but with a smile: “Oh! I did it!” This is tapas — willingly taking it. Suppose you have to travel in a plane for a long time — say eight or ten hours — what do you do? If you were asked to sit for ten hours, you would never do it, but in a plane, there is no way out! You have to sit… with a seatbelt on! You can watch TV to keep your mind occupied, but you still have to sit! So, willingly accepting opposites is tapas. This makes your body and mind strong.

Whatever you can change, change. What you cannot change, accept. If it is too cold, put on a sweater. It’s as simple as that! When it is raining very heavily, and you get wet, inspite of an umbrella — get wet!

Fourth is self-study — “swadhyaya”. Observe your mind, see what your mind says, how you behave, how you act, how you feel… Do you feel good? Do you feel bad? If you are feeling bad, just observe, you start feeling good again. When you are feeling good, observe. All feelings — good or bad — will change. Swadhyaya is self-study, self-observation.

Fifth is “ishwara pranidhaana”, meaning, love for the Divine. Surrender to the Divine. When you feel you are helpless, you say, “Oh, God! You take whatever it is that I am feeling!”

These are the ten rules that will make you strong, and feel whole and complete.

快乐是。。。


在你活在这个星球上的每一刻,你都要清楚的知道自己是独特,有更大的目的的,远远超越只是吃,睡和讲话而已。你来到这里是有更大的原因的。你只需要谨记这一点。
 来个挑战吧 — “让该来的都来吧,我今天无论如何都要微笑,都要快乐!”
为了让我们成长和让我们的生命更有力量,我们必须要遵循一些规则。这些规则就叫做Yama(社会道德)和Niyama(个人道德)。这是达到瑜伽与内在结合的两个步骤。

Yama (社会道德)

有五个可以和社会与环境和平共处的规则:

第一条规则是Ahimsa或是非暴力。非暴力让你和整个创造者结合。就是你不伤害自己,也不伤害其它的一切生物。一切都是你的一部分,你怎么能去伤害任何东西呢?Ahimsa是瑜伽的练习,就是不去伤害,也是去察觉一切都在这里。



第二个规则是Satyam或是真实。你不会去欺骗你自己对吧?你不能欺骗你自己。如果你在织珠子,你不会说“不,我不是在织珠子”。如果你是,你会知道你就是的。当你的手里有巧克力,你不会说“不,我没有巧克力”你确实有巧克力在你手里呀!



第三是Astheya,意思是:不要去怀念那些你此刻没有的东西,也不要去盼望事情会和现在的有所不同——不要去后悔。Astheya是不要去想说:“我希望能有和那个人一样的声音!我希望我也可以和那个人那样会唱歌。我希望我和那个人一样年轻。我希望我可以和那个人一样跑得那么好。我希望我可以和那个人一样聪明。。。” 不要去和任何人做比较,也不要去期盼些他们有而你没有的东西。

第四个是Brahmacharya,意思是对有形的物体和形状不怀有任何兴趣。我们的心智在这里,去观看那些超越物质的,去看那些广大无边的。Brahmacharya 是把心智放在更广阔的地方。Brahma的意思是大;在更广大的事情里移动。“我很小”,“我是男人”,“我是女人”,“我是好人”,“我是坏人”,“我是无可救药的人”——这一些都是很小的鉴定点。

第五是Aparigraha,意思是不要去接受别人所给予的。你知道吗,当别人侮辱你的时候,你往往都把它收下了,但是当他们称赞你的时候你却未必会收下,这很让人惊讶。对吗?有些时候,他们也不是真的在“给你”那些侮辱——他们只是随意的把那些侮辱从口袋里拿出来,但是你却紧紧的去捉住他们,然后把它们小心翼翼的收好。如果有个人给你垃圾,他们也未必是真的给你垃圾——他们只是不经意的把它丢出来而已,但是你却把那些垃圾捡起来并紧紧的把它保管着!这就是很多人在做的。他们随时都准备好跳出来,把那些负面的东西拿起来然后把它们紧紧的保管好。



不要去接受任何人给你的东西,包挂侮辱!当然,赞美并不会为我们带来困扰!它们自然而然的就离开我们的脑子!真正困扰着我们的是侮辱,伤害,和那些别人对我们说过的负面的话语。不要去接受他们!你明白了吗?这就是Aparigraha。

Niyama(个人道德)

有五个个人内在成长的规则:



第一个是Shaucha,每一天的整洁和卫生。这包挂沐浴和保持自身的干净,穿干净的衣服,和没有难闻的气息。如果一个人的身体发出臭味,他们自己是不会发觉的,但是坐在他旁边的人就会发现了!

第二个是Santosha或是知足。。。快乐。快乐起来吧!如果你不向快乐迈进一步,那么这个世界上是没有事情可以让你快乐的,你只会继续的埋怨这些那些的。



有一次,一个农夫埋怨他的苹果树结出来的果实不太好。然后又有一年,他的苹果树结了好的果实!他收割了好多果实——那是平时的三倍!然后他又开始在那埋怨了,埋怨说太多的工作要做了,埋怨有太多的果实要收割,埋怨那些烂掉的果实,又埋怨着这那些苹果跌价了。


埋怨是永无止境的——但是生命还是继续着!它像河流一样的在流动着。你要如何活出你的一生——这些剩下的30年,40年或是50年?


微笑——或是碎碎念,觉得自己很糟糕,然后去指责全世界?所以第二个规则就是让自己快乐和知足。



第三个是Tapas ——忍耐或忏悔——意思是,如果有觉得不舒服的事情,但是你还是快乐的去面对它。就像参与马拉松的人,走了20英里或是20公里。但是平时要我们走20公里的路,我们会碎碎念,但是在马拉松的时候,我们却就会说“哦!我会走下去的!”



无论你是在马拉松的时候走路,或是因为车子抛锚所以必须走路,你的脚还是会经历一样的痛楚!但是当你想到自己是在马拉松的时候,虽然同样的你是满身大汗,很累的回来,但是你却带着微笑的,然后你说“我做到了!”这就是Tapas——愿意去接受它。比如你在飞机上飞行了很长的时间——大慨8到10个小时——你会做些什么?如果平时你被指示坐着10个小时,你是不会要的,但是在飞机上你就没办法了!你只能坐着。。。绑着安全带!你可以看电视让你的脑子忙碌,但是你也只能坐着!所以,愿意去接受对立的事情是Tapas。这会让你的身体和心智强壮。



任何你能改变的,就去改变吧。任何你不能改变的,就去接受。如果太冷,就穿上外套。就是那么简单而已!如果下着大雨然后你被淋湿了,就算是有雨伞但还是去淋湿把!


第四个是自我学习——Swadhyaya。观察你的心智,看看你的心智在说什么,你的行为怎么样,你如何去反应,你的感受是怎样。。。你觉得不错吗?或是你觉得很糟糕?如果你觉得很糟糕,那你只需要去观察,你就会开始觉得好起来。当你感觉不错的时候,也去观察它。任何的感受——好的或不好的——它们都在改变。Swadhyaya是自我学习,自我观察。


第五个是Ishwara Pranidhaana,意思是对神性的挚爱。臣服给神性。当你觉得无助的时候,你说“神啊!请你带走我现在所有的感受吧!


这十个规则会让你变得强壮,让你变得更整体和完整。

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