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Monday, December 31, 2012

Mind - Friend or Enemy? 心智——是朋友還是敵人?

Mind - Friend or Enemy?

December 26, 2012

Bad Antogast, Germany

1834
Q: How to overcome the mind which bothers me?
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: That is its nature.
Do you know you are bigger than the mind? Wake up. Let the mind be there.

Q: Gurudev, how do I recognize my soul mate?
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: First you should recognize your soul and then your soul mate.
You don’t know yourself, you don’t know who you are. You don’t know anything about yourself. You don’t know your mind; your own mind drives you crazy.
One minute it wants something and the next minute it wants something else. The mind keeps changing its mind all the time, and it gets caught up.
That is why in the Bhagavad Gita, there is a saying, 'Your own mind is responsible for your bondage and for your liberation,' there is nothing else.
Your own mind, if it acts like your friend, it also acts like your enemy.
If your mind is trained well through Sadhana (spiritual practices), it befriends you, and it helps you. Otherwise your own mind behaves like an enemy. Isn't this so true? It is so true!


I want to tell you an incident that happened last week, just before I came here.
In front of the Ashram we have a signboard of the Ashram. It so happened that a particular political party, their people came and put their posters on that signboard, just to create mischief.
They put big posters because there was a birthday party of the head of that political party. So our security people and others, naturally they pulled it down because people coming to the ashram couldn't see the signboard and didn't know where to go.
Now, the local leader of the party got very wild and he started screaming and threatening one of our teachers saying , I’m going to bring a lot of people and we will have a demonstration. And in front of that we will do hunger strike', and these very angry exchange of words happened. And our security people also said, 'Yes, you come. Let us see, we are also very strong.'

So, when I was driving to the city for another program, my secretary told me this story. I told him, 'Call this local leader and talk to him.'
So my secretary called him and told him, 'Gurudev has just come, he wants you to take a basket full of fruits, a garland and a shawl for the person who has a birthday, and give him blessings from Gurudev', and he agreed.
Then he asked, 'Why did they pull out our posters?'
My secretary played innocent and said, 'Oh, you had some difficulty, is it so?! Why didn't you tell me? You should have informed me. Gurudev has just come, he was on a tour. He heard there was a birthday party and he wants to send blessing. So you go and take these things to your leader and give him blessings.'
The whole situation got diffused and he felt very empowered. So now he could go to his boss with a garland and blessings from me, and he also got access to his superior in the party. 

All the big drama he was going to create ended with one phone call. He could go to the boss of his party with pride and say, 'Gurudev has sent me to give you a garland.'
So, he felt empowered and our people felt relieved.
See, when you know how you can diffuse conflicts, it is easy.
All that it cost was a phone call. But not every trick works everywhere. In different places you have to work differently. Sometime you have to take a tough stand, put your foot down and say no. Sometimes you have to be diplomatic and skillful.Always there will be people who try to create mischief, you need to have skill to handle all those situations.

The ancient people said that there are four ways to deal with any situation - Sama, Dana, Bheda and Danda.
1. Sama means with dialogue, with persuasion, with some discussion and communication
2. Dana means forgiving. 'Never mind, everybody makes mistakes', and so you give them a chance
3. Bheda means being indifferent. Being a little tough and making a point
4. Danda mean taking a stick, which is the last resort
Usually we use the last two ways in beginning itself. We don’t go with the harmonious path. You must first take the harmonious path, and then give a chance, and then discriminate, and finally, if nothing works, Danda, which is take a stick.
These are called the four skillful ways of handling any situation. 


Q: Gurudev, you have said that we shouldn't give explanations to people. But if we have something on our heart that is heavy and feel the need to talk about it, then what to do?
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: There is no one rule for it, sometime you want to speak and become calm and sometimes speaking doesn't help in any way.
Wake up and see, the whole world is like a dream. All those thoughts have gone, the behavior of people will disappear. Some people act good and some act bad, but everyone is going to die, and the world will be finished.
This set of people will all go away. Then new people will come and they will all die. Then another set of people will come, they will fight among themselves, they will hug, love, kiss, do everything, and they will all die.
Seven billion people on the planet today and all these seven billion people will all die. It is only a matter of a few years. In another hundred years, do you think the same people will be here? Not one person who is here today will be alive. And two hundred years later, even the grandchildren will not be there.
See, the world is like a river, there is fresh water flowing every moment in this river. What is it that you are so bothered about?
If you want to leave something behind, it should be some knowledge that would help someone; that would be useful to someone. Not what he said, what she said, and what do you think about so-and-so situation. Come on, this is all nonsense! Throw them out of the window. It has no meaning. 

Hours together you waste in explaining, why you felt the way you were feeling and how and why others are feeling the way they are feeling.
Do you know, when the time changes, the mind also changes. There is a beautiful science about this. You can also get a clue from the astrological chart, how the mind is connected with time.
Sometime, we will start a course on the connection between mind, time and the planets. See, I don’t want to say astrology because it has been misused and misinterpreted so many times. It is a one of the most disorganized science today.
No doubt astrology is a science but it has been distorted so much that you can’t even see what the original is.
There are twelve constellations and nine planets according to Vedic astrology.
It is said that when Jupiter transits in the eighth place from the time you are born, it has an impact on your mind. 

Similarly, when Saturn transits the eighth place, it makes your emotions go topsy-turvy.
When Jupiter is in the eighth place, you lose all your wisdom. But that is only for eleven months, and in these eleven months, it is only for three months that it makes you so miserable. Unless and until you are in deep spiritual knowledge or enlightened, this will definitely affect your mind.
But if you know, 'These are the three months that are going to be a little difficult on my mind and emotions', then you will not take decisions, or do thing in those months.
Similarly, every two and a half days, the mood of the mind changes.
If you are miserable, it won't exceed two and half days. There will be a break and then it may come again. 

Like this, the cosmos has an influence on the mind.
What can protect you from this influence is satsang, meditation, chanting. All this is like putting on an armour.
An arrow was coming, but you have an armor, so it didn't really hit you.
So, singing and chanting 'Om Namah Shivaya' so many times makes an armour around you and protects you from being affected by all these crazy things.
We do Yagnas in the Bangalore Ashram for the welfare of the whole world and for all of our devotees. There is a small Yagna done six times every month, and during Navratri we do a big one to bring peace, prosperity and protection to the world and all our devotees.
These are the ways of the ancient people. We will have more knowledge and courses on this in the future. 

Q: Where do the thoughts come from?
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: This thought came to you just now? Where did this thought come from? It came in you, so why don’t you sit and see, where it is coming from?
The moment you sit and think what is the origin of thought the mind goes blank. That indicates from where thoughts are coming.
You are the source from where thoughts, ideas and emotions come – that inner space.
It is like someone asking, 'Where do the clouds come from?'
Clouds are just hovering in the sky. In the same way, in our inner sky, there are three akashas – one is the outer space, the second is the inner space where thoughts and emotion come, and there is the third space which is a witness. Where there is nothing, just bliss. 

Q: How to get a faith that never shakes?
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: If it is true faith, let it shake.
Truth will never go, and if the faith is with the truth, let it shake. It will never get lost.
In fact, you should doubt as much as possible.
You can say, 'Don’t doubt', only when a thing is not a genuine thing.
If it is genuine gold, I tell you, go on scratching as much as possible. But if it is just rolled in gold, or gold polish, then you say, 'Don’t scratch too much because it will disappear.'
With true gold, any amount of scratching will not make it go away.
Doubt is simply lack of energy. When you are high in energy, where is the doubt?
Doubt comes when the energy is low. True faith is that which you shake a hundred times and it still stays on. That is true faith, and it will remain. 


Q: You said we come to the Ashram and regenerate - why is the world not an Ashram?
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: To me the world is my Ashram.
But when you come in a physical place, or in an Ashram where there is always meditation happening, that place holds those vibrations.
See in your home, there is a place for dining, a place for resting, and a place for garbage. Like that, in the world, there is a place for everything.
I would love everyone of you to make your home an Ashram. And what is an Ashram? It is a place where there is wisdom and where there is love. It is a place where anybody who comes is welcomed and given some food so that they can come and relax. 

If you can create such a power then the whole world is an Ashram. In fact, when you go and be with nature in the forest or in the woods, it is all an Ashram only.
I say that every tree in the world is in my own garden; in my own ashram. This is the fact, but sometimes when you feel that this is not helping, that you need a place where you can go and energize yourself, then you come here (Ashram).
It will be very obvious for you to feel the energy here. Just like in your home, you can be anywhere, but if you want to feel the aroma of food, you have to walk into the kitchen. You can eat anywhere, but in kitchen or dining area, the aroma is there. 

Q: Does the soul have an aim?
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: Yes, the soul definitely has an aim, to become one with the super-soul. The small mind's aim is to become one with the big mind.
Every wave wants to wash the shore and become one with the ocean, which it already is! 

Q: What is time?
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: The distance between two events.
What is distance, if you ask me, it is the space between two objects.

Q: How to go back to the source?
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: Just by being quiet, unlearning and unwinding you will get back to the source.

Q: Can you tell us about Kali Yuga.
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: There are four Yugas; time is divided into four aspects.
1. Satya Yuga, when there is a lot of positivity
2. Treta Yuga, when the positivity goes a little down
3. Dvapara Yuga, when the positivity goes a little more down, and
4. Kali Yuga, when positivity goes down even more
This is what is said about Kali Yuga. But I tell you, within Kali Yuga there is Satya Yuga.
The days when you feel happy, know that you are in Satya Yuga. And when you are totally miserable, you are in Kali Yuga.
In that sense, within the big Kali Yuga also, there are good times.


Q: You said truth is contradictory. Can you give us an easy way to understand this?
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: Milk is good and milk is bad.
Milk is good if you drink one glass, bad if you drink two litres. Got it?!
If you come to Bad Antogast from Freudenstadt, you have to go straight down and turn to your right. But from Oppenau, you have to go straight and turn left.
Both instructions are true, but they are contradictory.
Truth is spherical, it is not linear. When anything is spherical there are multiple ways to get to that.

Q: Is India on the verge of becoming the country it was 2,000 years ago?
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: If the politicians let it happen, it will.
The politicians have become a problem in Italy, in India, and in Greece. It is the politicians who are driving the country towards bankruptcy.
Each country has enough resources and good people. There is dynamism, but corruption is taking the nations to a primitive, medieval era.

心智——是朋友還是敵人?

2012年12月26日 Bad Antogast德國

問:要如何克服那些困擾著我的心智?
古儒吉:這是自然的。你可知道你比你的心智還來得大?醒過來。就讓那心智留在那裡就好。 

問:古儒吉,我要如何認清誰是我的靈魂伴侶?
古儒吉:首先你先去認清你的靈魂,然後你才去認清你的靈魂伴侶。你不知道你自己,你不知道你是誰。你對自己一點都不了解。你也不知道你的心智,而你的心智讓你瘋狂。這一分鐘你想要某些東西,下一分鐘你要別的。心智不停的改變主意,而它把自己困住了。所以在博伽梵歌裡有提到『你的束縛和解放是你心智的責任』,除此之外沒有其它的了。你的心智可以是你的朋友,也可以是你的敵人。如果透過 Sadhana(薩達納,靈性修持)來訓練你的心智,它就會成為你的朋友,它也會幫助你。不然的話,它就像是我們的敵人。它就是如此真實。我要告訴你們關於在我來到這裡之前,靜心所發生的一個事件。在靜心所前面有個路牌,有個政黨的人就在這路牌上貼上他們的海報,這是個惡作劇。他們放上一個很大的海報因為他們的負責人將舉辦一個生日派對。而我們的保安人員就自然而然的把它拿下來,因為它擋著路牌讓那些要來靜心所的人找不到來靜心所的路。結果地方負責人對這件事感到非常的憤怒。他開始大聲喊叫,並威脅我們的老師們說『我會帶很多人來這裡示威,我們也會做絕食抗議』,而我們的保安人員也說『那你就來吧,我們等著瞧,我們也是很強的。』

在我去另一個城市的途中,我的秘書就把這個事告訴了我。我說『打電話給這個領袖並和他說話。』我的秘書打給他並告訴他『古儒吉剛來到,他要你拿一 籃子的水果,一個花環和披肩給那個生日的人,他也給了他的祝福。』而那領袖同意了。他又問到『為什麼他們要拿下我們的海報?』我的秘書就無辜的說『噢,你是不是面對了一些困難?為什麼你沒對我說?你應該告訴我呀。古儒吉剛好來到了,他剛好在巡迴,他聽說了有生日派對,所以他要送上他的祝福。你就去把這些東西交給你的領袖,並給他祝福吧。』

整個形勢得到了轉變,他覺得被授權了。所以現在他可以去到他老闆跟前給他花環和我的祝福,而他也可以在生日派對上接近他的上司。整個他所要引起的戲劇就被一個電話結束掉了。他可以自豪的去到他老闆的生日會上並說『古儒吉讓我來給你花環。』所以他覺得被授權了,而這裡的人也松了一口氣。

如果你可以解除紛爭,一切就會容易多了。就只需要一通電話而已。但並不是每一個技巧都可以用在任何場合上。在不同的地方你要採取不同的做法。有時候你需要一個比較堅決的立場,挺起身段說不。有些時候你需要一些外交手腕和熟練的技術。很多時候會有一些人要惡作劇,你需要有技巧去處理這些。

古時候的人說有四種處理事情的方法——沙瑪,達納,本達與丹達(Sama, Dana, Bheda and Danda. )。
1.沙瑪Sama是對話的意思,以勸說,和一些討論或交流。
2.達納Dana是原諒的意思。『沒關係,每一個人都會犯錯』,然後你給他們一個機會。
3.本達Bheda是冷漠的意思。強悍一點,有自己的看法。
4.丹達Danda是棍子的意思,也是最不得已的方法。
通常我們會在一開始就用最後的兩個方法。我們不去走那和諧的道路。你應該先採取和平之道,然後再給予機會,然後才辨別,而當一切都不管用,到最後的時候才用Danda,用棍子。這些被稱為四個處理情況的熟練方式。

問:古儒吉,你說過我們是不需要去給別人解釋的。但是如果我們在心頭上有事情沒說出來的話,我們會覺得很沉重,我們應該怎麼做?
古儒吉:這裡是沒有規則的,有時候你需要把事情說出來你才會覺得平靜,有時候把事情說出來並沒有幫助。去醒過來看一看,這個世界就像是場夢。所有的思緒都會離去,人的行為也會不見。有些人表現得很好,有些人表現得不好,但是每一個人都終究會死去,而世界也有結束的一天。這一組人也會完全的離開,新的人會來到,然後又死去。然後新的一組人會來到,他們會在彼此之間起紛爭,他們會擁抱,相愛,親吻,做完所有的事情,然後他們也會死去。
今天這個星球上有70億的人口,而這70億的人都會死去。這只是幾年的問題。再過一百年,你覺得同樣的人會在這裡嗎?在場沒有一個人會在那個時候還存活著。再過個兩百年,子子孫孫也不會存在了。這個世界就像是河流,無時無刻都有清新的水在流通著。讓你耿耿於懷的到底是什麼?

如果你要留下一些東西,那應該是一些可以幫助到別人的知識;一些對別人有用的東西。而不是他說過什麼,她又說過些什麼,又或是你對某某事情的看法等。拜託,這些都是瞎扯!把它們通通都丟出窗口。這些都是沒有意義的東西。很多個小時你只是花在埋怨:為什麼你覺得那樣,而別人又是為什麼會覺得那樣。
你可知道當時間轉變,心智也會轉變。這是個美麗的科學。你也可以從占星表得到一些線索:心智是如何和時間連結的。

過陣子我們會開始一些關於心智,時間和星球是怎麼連接的課程。我不要談論占星術因為它已經被濫用和被曲解了無數次。它是現今最缺乏組織的科學。無可否認占星術是門科學,但是它已經被扭曲到你們根本都無法看到它原本的樣子了。

依據吠陀的占星術,有十二個星座和九大行星。據說在你出世後,如果木星走到第八個位置,你的心智會受到影響。同樣的,當土星走到第八個位置的話,它會使你的心智顛三倒四的。當土星到那個位置的時候,你會失去你的智慧。但是只是十一個月的時間,而這個十一個月裡,只有三個月是真正讓你痛苦的。除非你開悟了,或是有著深厚的靈修知識,不然它肯定會影響到你的心智。但是如果你知道『這三個月對我心智和情緒會有些困難』,那你就不會隨便在這幾個月裡做決定,或做任何的事情。

同樣的,每隔兩天半的時間,你的心智就會轉變。如果你感到痛苦,它不會持續多過兩天半。這期間會有個休止點,但是它還會再次回來。就是這樣,宇宙具有影響的心智的力量。是什麼可以保護你,可以讓你免受這種影響的就是:唱場,靜心,念誦。這些就像是為自己套上盔甲那樣。箭頭朝著你來,而你有盔甲,所以它不會真正傷害到你。所以唱誦多次『Om Namah Shivaya 嗡那馬希拔亞』會為你建立起盔甲,以保護你免於受這些瘋狂的事情影響。
我們在班克羅靜心所做Yagnas(亞納——靈性修持),是為了全世界和信徒們的福利。每個月會做六次小型的亞納,而聖母節的時候就會做場大型的,以帶來平安,繁榮和保護我們所有的信徒。這是古時候的人所做的。在未來我們會有更多這方面的知識和課程。

問:思緒從哪裡來?
古儒吉:這個思緒剛剛出現了對嗎?這個思緒從哪裡來?它從你而來,你何不坐下來看看它是從哪裡來呢?當你坐下來思考思緒從哪裡來的那一刻,心智會變成空白。 這顯示了思緒出現的地方。你就是思緒,意見和情緒的源頭——是那個內在的空間。就好像有人問『雲朵從哪裡來?』雲朵就只是在天空裡盤旋。同樣的,在我們內在的天空裡,有三個阿卡沙(akashas——空間的意思 )——一個是外在的空間,第二是內在的空間,就是思緒和情緒出現的地方,而第三就是見證或目睹,一個什麼都沒有,就只是極樂而已。

問:要如何擁有一個不會被動搖的信念?
古儒吉:如果那是真正的信念,那就讓它去動搖吧。真理是不會離開的,而如果信念和真理同在,那就讓它動搖吧。它是不會迷失的。事實上,你應該多多去質疑,越多越好。你只可以在純正的事情上說『不要去懷疑!』。如果那是真金,那我會告訴你,盡你所能去刮它吧。而如果那只是鍍金而已,那你會說『別刮的太用力因為它會消失掉。』如果是真正的黃金,再用力的刮也不會讓它消失的。質疑只是因為缺乏能量。如果你的能量很高的時候,你會質疑嗎?質疑會在能量低落的時候出現。真正的信念是無論你動搖了幾百次它都還是存在。這是真正的信念,而它是會持續的。

問:您說我們來到靜心所及重生——為什麼世界本身不是一座靜心所呢?
古儒吉:對我來說世界就是一座靜心所。但是當你來到一個時常有靜心活動的具體地方,或是一個靜心所,那些地方有著那些震波。就像你的家裡,有用餐的地方,有休息的地方,有放垃圾的地方。世界也是這樣,每一樣東西都有它的地方。我希望每一個人都能把你們的家營造成像靜心所那樣。而靜心所是怎麼樣的?它是一個有智慧和愛的地方。它是一個歡迎任何人到來的地方。它是一個提供食物好讓那些來到的人可以放鬆的地方。如果你可以製造這樣的一個力量,那麼整個世界就是一個靜心所。事實上如果你去森林或是樹林裡,那兒就是靜心所。我說世界上所有的樹都是在我的花園裡;在我的靜心所裡。這是個事實,但是有時候當你覺得這個無法幫到你的時候,而你需要一個地方充電的時候,那你就來這裡(靜心所)吧!在這裡你會很明顯的感受到能量。就像在家裡般,你可以呆在任何一處,但是如果你要聞到食物的香味,你就得走進廚房。你可以在任何地方用餐,但是在廚房或是用餐的地方才有會那香氣。

問:靈魂有目標嗎?
古儒吉:有的,靈魂肯定有個目標,就是和那終極的靈魂在一起。小心智的目標是要和大心智合為一體。每一個海浪衝到海洋為了和海洋成為一體,而它們本來就已經是一體了。 

問:時間是什麼?
古儒吉:那是兩個活動之間的距離。而如果你問我距離是什麼,那是連個物體之間的空間。

問:要如何回到那源頭?
古儒吉:只需要安靜就好,去忘卻和解除一切,你就會回到源頭。

問:您可以告訴我們關於卡利尤佳嗎(Kali Yuga——鐵器時代)?
古儒吉:有四個尤佳(Yugas——時代);時間被分為四個週期。
1.薩亞尤佳(Satya Yuga——黃金時代),充滿積極正面的時代
2.蹀達尤佳(Treta Yuga——精神時代),積極正面下降了一些
3.杜瓦帕尤佳(Dvapara Yuga——杜瓦帕時代),積極正面又下降了多一些
4.卡利尤佳(Kali Yuga——鐵器時代),就是積極正面下降的更多了
這就是關於卡利尤佳的說法。但是我告訴你,在卡利尤佳之間有個薩亞尤佳。當你開心的時候,你需要知道你處在薩亞尤佳裡。而當你完全處於痛苦的時候,你是在卡利尤佳裡。這樣來說的話,處在再大的卡利尤佳裡,也會有好的時候出現。 

 問:您說真理是矛盾的。您可以給我們一些簡單的方法去了解這些嗎?
古儒吉:牛奶是好的也是壞的。當你喝一杯牛奶的時候,它是好的。當你喝兩公升的牛奶時,它就不好了。知道嗎?如果你是從 Freudenstadt(德國地方名)來到Bad Antogast(德國地方名),你需要走直然後右轉。但是如果你從Oppenau(德國地方名)來的話,你就要直走然後左轉。兩個指示都是對的,但是它們卻也是矛盾的。真理是球狀的,而不是線性的。當任何事物是球形的時候,就會有很多種方法抵達那裡。

問:印度會恢復到2000年前那樣嗎?
古儒吉:如果政治家要讓它復原,那它是會發生的。在意大利,印度和希臘,政治家成了問題。是政治家促使國家面臨倒閉的。每個國家都有足夠的資源和好人。也有活力,但是貪污卻讓國家停留在原始,和中世紀的時代。

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