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Monday, December 24, 2012

Tangible boundaries!! 明確的界限

Tangible boundaries!!



When you are listening to somebody speaking, the speaker’s very first sentence triggers off some conversation within you. You are constantly agreeing or disagreeing with the speaker. Have you ever wondered whether you can listen without any thoughts or pre-conceived notions in your mind?

Students listening to an hour-long lecture in a class are able to grasp only a part of it. Increasingly, even that grasp is diluting – attention deficiency syndrome. Only if there is alertness and presence of mind in the entire society will business prosper.
Perception, observation and expression are three important aspects of life. Those who perceive things better have balanced observations and expression.
 3rd dimention Tangible boundaries!!
Recollect how much enthusiasm and joy you had when you went to the primary school as a child. Wherever there is life, there is enthusiasm. Someone without enthusiasm is like a corpse. But as you mature, the enthusiasm curve declines. And as enthusiasm declines, we stop communicating; leave alone formal lectures, even one to one informed talks hold no interest.

Have you any enthusiasm left? See, we look at everything but we do not look at our own faculties. Life has many faculties – body, breath, etc. Are you aware of your body? You become aware of your body only when it aches. Just as a child throws tantrums when it is not given attention, your body throws tantrums when you don’t attend to it. If you attend to your body constantly, it won’t throw tantrums. And attending to the body is not just about food and exercise; it is taking your attention to each part of your body and loving it consciously. Your body is the closest thing to you, it is the first layer of existence.

The second faculty is breath. What makes the skin different from leather? It is the breath. Even shoes have some value. But your body, when it is not breathing, has no value. Our first act, when we came to the world, was to breathe in and the last act will be to breathe out. But we ignore this primordial function of our life. Know that your breath holds many secrets; every emotion has a corresponding rhythm of breath. Attending to the breath helps regulate emotional disturbances.

The third faculty that we possess is our mind. This is the faculty through which we perceive and yet this is the faculty that we know the least about.
The fourth faculty, which is our memory, functions in a very funny manner; if you receive ten compliments in a sentence and one criticism, it is that one criticism that will cling to your memory. Basically, memory feeds on interest. It retains only those situations and subjects in which it feels interest; if you enjoy astronomy, your memory will also treasure it.

G youth talk copy 1024x682 Tangible boundaries!!
The next faculty is intellect. Even as I am speaking now, your intellect is saying something. It is passing some sort of judgment, it is accepting or rejecting what I am saying, questioning my words. All this comes with intellect.
Then there is ego. When you are happy, something in you expands. That something is ego. Ego brings happiness, it brings creativity, shyness, grief… If you are shy and timid, it is because of your ego; joy and pride are also due to ego; behind every fear, there is ego. We know very little about the function of ego. Knowledge of your ego can strengthen you, it will eliminate your vulnerability.

The next faculty is something that does not have tangible boundaries. Sometimes when you are relaxed or you are in love, you feel a sense of wonder, that there is something more mysterious in life than were aware; it may happen when you are watching a sunset, when you are reading the Gita, when a baby is born, when you are taking a cold shower or when you are sick with fever. That something is the self, the consciousness, the atma. You may hardly notice it, but those few seconds give you so much peace and tranquility. Preserving those moments will enrich your life.

Meditation is a conscious experience of that aspect within you that enriches all other six layers. Nowhere, neither at home nor at school, are we taught to deal with our minds and emotions. Has anybody ever taught you how to cope with depression, anger, jealousy, tension? Nobody taught Thomas Addison how to make a bulb either. He did it on his own. It you learn something yourself, it is great. You should always be open to learning; if you don’t learn from your own intuition, take advantage of someone else’s intuition.

You may feel “It is my mind; why should anyone else teach me how to control it?” But while it is your hands and feet that operate a car, while the steering and accelerator are fitted in the car, you still have to learn to drive. Someone has to teach you. Of course, if you know or learn on your own, then there is no problem!

Emotional problems do exist in schools and colleges but nobody is taught how to handle these emotions. It is startling to read news reports of brilliant children, with bright futures, committing suicide. There is a connection between your breath and emotion. When you are angry, your breath moves in one rhythm; when you are upset, your breath moves in another rhythm; when you are jealous or depressed, your breath moves in yet other rhythms. You need to be aware of this and how through the rhythm of breath, you can handle your emotions and your mind. It is very simple, just keep an open mind.

And to get rid of stress, do something really simple and silly, like taking a walk. Just come out of your little shells and feel free. Let anyone think what they like; do not be a football of other people’s opinions. If there is love in you, enthusiasm, sense of belongingness, that is real success in life.
- Sri Sri Ravi Shankar (A talk given at Indian Institute of Technology) 

明確的界限
當你在聽一個人講話的時候,對方所說的第一句話會觸發你內在的一些對話。你時不時都會同意和不同意對方所說的。你有沒有想過你是否在聆聽的時候不懷任何的想法或是有一些先入為主的念頭?

一個學生在一個小時的課堂上也只能吸收一點點而已。而且那也只是稀釋的一丁點而已——就像是注意力缺失症一個社會要興旺必須要有醒覺和心智的存在。
感知力,觀察力,表達能力是生命重要的因素。

那些感知力較好的人會擁有平衡的察覺力和表達能力。
去回憶一下當你還小的時候,當你上小學的時候你有多少的熱忱和快樂?有生命存在的地方就會有熱忱。一個沒有熱忱的人就像是行屍走肉般。當你長大後,你的熱忱就越來越少。當熱忱減少後,我們就停止溝通,更別說那些正式的講課,甚至連一對一的對話我們也沒有興趣。

你還剩下多少的熱忱?我們往往都在看外面所有的東西,但是我們卻沒有看到自己生命的層面。生命有很多層面——身體,呼吸等。你有注意到自己的身體嗎?當你注意到它的時候,是它已經在疼痛的時候。就像當孩子沒有得到關注的時候,他們會發脾氣。你的身體也是一樣,如果你忽視它,它就會發脾氣。如果你定時給它足夠的關注,那它就不會發脾氣。而照顧身體也不只是食物和運動而已;而是需要把注意力帶到身體的各個部分和有意識的去愛惜它們。你的身體是很你最親密的東西,它是生命的第一個層次。

第二個層面是呼吸。皮膚和皮革的分別在那裡?就是皮膚會呼吸。就連鞋子都會有些價值;但是你的身體不會呼吸了,那它就沒有價值了。我們來到到這個世界的第一個動作是吸一口氣,最後一個動作是吐氣。但是我們卻忽略了我們生命裡這個最原始的功能。要知道你的呼吸有著很多的秘密,每一種情緒都有它相應的韻律節奏。去關注呼吸,會調理情緒上的困擾。

第三個身體的層面是我們的心智。這是我們的感知層面,但是我們卻對這個層面有著最淺的了解。

第四個層面是我們的記憶,它以一個很有趣的方式在運作;如果你收到了十個讚美和一個批評,你的記憶就只會抓住那唯一的批評。基本上來說,記憶是依賴著興趣的。它會一直處在那些它覺得有趣的情況和課題裡;比如你喜歡天文學,你的記憶就會珍藏它。 

第五個層面是理智。現在我在和你說話的時候,你的理智也會說一些東西。它在傳達給你一些判決,它會接受或懷疑我所說的東西,在質疑我的話語。這些都在理智裡。

第六個層面是小我。當你快樂的時候,你內在的某些東西也在擴展。這就是小我。小我帶來快樂,帶來創意,羞怯,悲傷等。如果你很害羞和膽小,這是因為你的小我;歡喜和自大也是因為小我;在每個恐懼的背後,也是有小我。我們對小我的功能了解得太少了。我們對小我的認知可以讓我們增加力量,它會消除我們的弱點。

第七個層面沒有明確的界限。當你覺得放鬆或是處在愛裡面的時候,你會感覺到奇妙;在生命裡,神秘感是多過我們所察覺到的。這也可能在你正在觀看日落,閱讀梵歌,嬰兒誕生時,在沖冷水澡或是發燒的時候發生。這個東西就叫做本我,意識,靈魂。你可能很難會察覺到它,但是那幾秒鐘會帶給你許多的平靜和安寧。保存那些時刻能豐富你的生命。

靜心是在你之內有意識的經驗,它會滋長著這六個層面。在學校,家裡或任何一個地方都沒有教過我們要如何處理我們的情緒或心智。有沒有人教過你要如何應對憂鬱,憤怒或壓力?也沒有人教過愛迪生要如何製造燈泡。他是自我啟發的。如果你自己學會一樣東西,那是很好的。你應該時時都保持開放的心去學習;如果不是源自於自己的直覺,那就從別人的直覺裡學習。你可能會覺得『這是我的心智,為什麼我要別人來教我怎麼控制它?』同樣的,是你的手和腳在操作一輛車,駕駛盤和油門都已裝置在你的車上,但是你還是需要去學駕駛。還是有人教你如何駕駛。當然如果你是自己學的,自己會的,那就沒有問題!

情緒問題在學校或學院裡都存在,但是沒有人被教導要如何去處理那些情緒。在報章上常有關於一些有著大好前途的聰明孩子自殺的報導,這是多麼的觸目驚心。你的呼吸和你的情緒是有關連的。當你生氣的時候,你的呼吸在以一種韻律進行;當你憂傷的時候,它又是以另一種韻律進行;當你嫉妒或是沮喪的時候,你的呼吸又以另外一種節奏在進行。你需要對這些有所警覺,去了解如何透過呼吸的韻律節奏來處理你的情緒和心智。這些是非常簡單的,你只需要保持開放的心智。

如果要擺脫壓力,你就去做一些很簡單又很傻的事情,比如走路或說話。就從你的小小的壳裡走出來,去感覺自由。其他人要想什麼就讓他們去想,不要成為別人意見的足球。如果你的內在有愛,熱忱,歸屬感,這就是生命真正的成功。

古儒吉(印度理工學院)

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