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Friday, February 1, 2013

Symbolism of the Five-Headed Cobra 五頭眼鏡蛇的象徵


Symbolism of the Five-Headed Cobra

October 11, 2012

Bangalore, Ashram
1588
If you look at the mythological pictures, you will find Mahavir sitting with a five headed cobra behind him. Or Lord Vishnu is sitting in meditation and there is a cobra behind him.
Even in the pictures of Rishis, you will find a cobra with its hood open at the back.
Have you seen such pictures?
It is a very subtle thing!


See, when you are sitting in meditation, what is happening? Your consciousness is getting alert, opened and awakened, as though in your back ground there is a thousand headed cobra. Cobra signifies alertness.
How many of you feel a lot of alertness in the back of your head during meditation? A sort of wakefulness!
So the cobra is a symbol of the energy that raises and opens up; energy which is alert and at the same time restfulness.
It is not that there was really a cobra at the back of their head, it is a symbol of wakefulness in the deep state of rest, and that is meditation – totally restful, wanting nothing, doing nothing, being nothing and being open, like the hood of a cobra; alert without any effort.

There are two types of descriptions for this. In one they talk about a Cobra, and in another they talk about a flower; it is like a thousand-petaled lotus, blossoming on the top of the head; on the crown chakra.
So some describe it as a flower, very delicate, and some describe it as a cobra which means alert. Both fit very well.

Now if you don't feel like that, then that means you have stuffed yourself with too much food. Then you won’t find any cobra, you will only find a buffalo, because you have stuffed yourself so much and you feel so dull.
That is why, world over people always talk about fasting and prayer; fasting and meditation. At the same time you should not fast too much. Sometimes people fast all day and then eat too much at night. That is no good. Fasting has some rules that need to be followed.
Naturopath and Doctors will tell you how you should begin a fast and how you should slowly come out of it.

Sometimes in Navratri we fast, and in the name of fasting, we feast.
People say, ‘We will not eat any grains, we will only have potato’, and we eat French fries and everything else.
‘We will not have rice, but we will only have idly.’
This is cheating I tell you. Real fasting does not include eating halwas (sweet dish) and puris (fried pancakes). It is a wrong type of fasting. You should not fast like that.

Alpahara Mitahara - a little bit food and easily digestible food.
That also counts as fasting. Little bit fruits and water.
So when body is not so heavy and dull, then it blossoms and meditation happens better.

At the same time too much fasting makes your Pitta go high and then also you cannot meditate. That is why drink enough water so that the Pita in your body does not go high.

Q: Gurudev, even though there is no difference between Lord Vishu and Lord Shiva, who originated from whom? The Vishnu Purana glorifies Lord Vishnu and the Shiva Purana glorifies Lord Shiva.
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: When you think, who originated from whom, you are thinking on linear terms. But truth is not linear, it is spherical.
That is why this is also true and that is also true. From which side you see, that is where it comes from.
If you see from that side then that is true. If you see it from this side then this is true. But both are same actually. This is what spherical thinking is.
It depends from where you start and where you go.
Shiva and Vishnu are different, yet both are the same.



Q: In the Ashtavakra Gita, it says, ‘You can go on reading scriptures, but you will get liberation only when you forget the scriptures.’
So then what is the purpose of reading the scriptures?

Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: See, you get into a bus, but then you also need to get out of the bus.
Now if you argue with me that, ‘If I have to get out of the bus then why should I get into the bus?’
You get into the bus from somewhere else and you get out from somewhere else.
If you have to get out of the bus, why should you get into the bus in the first place - this argument doesn’t hold.
So, the scriptures are to make you understand your nature, the nature of the universe, the nature of this mind which is stuck in small things, and to give it a bigger vision.
So knowledge is like the detergent. See, you put soap on your body but at some point you wash it off as well, isn’t it?!

Similarly, you have this desire, ’I want to be liberated’, and that desire takes you away from all other small desires. But if you keep holding on to that thought, then it will also become a problem at some point. You have to wash that off as well and become free.
’I want liberation, I want liberation, I want liberation’, you won't get liberation. But that desire is essential till you are free from all other small desires. Then a point comes when you say, ‘If I have to get liberation let it be, otherwise let thy will be done.’
In that moment you are already free.


Q: What is the signifiance of Mahalaya Amavasya?
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: Actually this Amavasya is dedicated to the departed souls.
When you leave this body you are guided into another world by a set of Devas or Angels. Pururava, Vishvedeva - these are their names. They come and guide you from one level to another level.
Mahalaya Amavasya is the day when you remember all the departed souls and thank them and wish peace for them.

There is an ancient tradition in which the family members take a few sesame seeds and little bit of rice, and then they think of their ancestors and say, ‘May you be contented, may you be contented, may you be contented.’
They say this three times and then they drop the little grains of sesame seeds with some water.

The significance of this ritual is to tell the departed that – If you still have some desires in your mind, know that they are like sesame seeds. They are not significant, just drop them. We will take care of them for you. You be free, happy and contented! There is huge universe in front of you. The universe is infinite, so look forward and go; drop whatever is pulling you back.
This is called Tarpana.

Tarpana means bringing satisfaction and fulfillment to the departed. It is done to tell them to be contented and move further.
Water is the symbol of love. To give anyone water means giving love.
In Sanskrit, Ap means water and it also means love. And in Sanskrit someone who is very dear is called Apta.
So, in their memory, you give them water as a symbol of love and life and that is why this is called Mahalaya Amavasya.
On this day think of all your ancestors.

In Vedic tradition, three generations on the mother's side and father's side are remembered, and all others friends, relatives, and anyone who has crossed over to the other side. Think of them and tell them to be satisfied.
Usually in their memory, people also do some charity, by giving food to some people and to animals.

This is there almost in all the cultures of world. I was surprised to see that this is there in Mexico as well.
In Mexico, on 2nd November, every year people celebrate this.
Similarly, they do this in China as well. In the Chinese tradition, they have one day on which they remember their ancestors, and whatever was dear to the ancestors, they make that and offer it to them.
They do this in Singapore as well. Although Singapore is a very clean city, but one day in a year it becomes very dirty for a few hours because they celebrate this on the streets.
Do you know what they do? They make huge cars and homes out of card board and burn them on the streets so that it goes to their ancestors.
They also buy a lot of fake currency notes and burn them so that people on the other side get this offering and give blessings.


Almost all over the globe, from the ancient civilization, everyone practices this.
In Christianity also, there is a day called All Saints’ Day when the ancestors are remembered. On this day people go to the graveyard and pray for the departed.
This is also done just to remind oneself that life is temporary, and so many years these other people lived here and have now gone. We have come to this world and one day we will also go. So you wish them peace and thank them. That is the main idea.

In India the ritual is all in Sanskrit and so people don't understand them. The pundits say something and then they ask you to do this and do that, and you just do it with faith.
That is not bad but it is good to do it with a little understanding.


Q: How does the Karma of our parents and ancestors affect us? Are we also punished because of their bad karmas?
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: Listen, if your ancestor has left you a house, is it not a boon for you now? Why are you asking such obvious questions?!
They have earned a lot of money, toiled and built a home and they left it to you. You are enjoying their karma, is it not?! And if they are gone with a big debt in the bank, and if you have to pay that back then that is your karma too. So naturally it affects you.

Not just parents but your company also affects you.
If you keep sitting with very depressed people, you also feel down and depressed as well. If you are in the company of joyful and spiritual people your karma improves.

You have no escape from bad or good karma in the world. We have to carry on with this, because there are times when we have to interact with people who are sick. You cannot say I don't want to be near sick people. If everybody says that then what will happen to all the hospitals and the patients?
So in the world we need to be with everyone, and that is why being in knowledge and seva will help shield you. These are called Kawach.

Chanting Om Namah Shivaya is like an armor around you, it is like a Kawach. It protects you from all the unwanted karma, and other not so good affects are shielded.
But you don't have to chant Om Namah Shivaya 24 hours a day. If you do that, your brain will become so dull. Just for a few minutes every day, like brushing your teeth.
You don’t brush your teeth every hour, do you? If anyone brushes their teeth every hour you will not find any teeth at all later on. They will all fall off. And if you do not brush at all, then also it is no good.
In the same way, just like dental hygiene, you need mental hygiene as well. A few minutes of chanting, a few minutes of meditation, all these will help.
We take shower only for few minutes, isn’t it?!

By the way, everybody conserve water. There is a big water scarcity around the world that has come up, and in Bangalore also. All the lakes are dry and there is not much water this year.
So we will all conserve water. Use only as much water as you require.


五頭眼鏡蛇的象徵2012年10月11日
班克羅爾靜心所


如果你看那些神話裡的相片,你會看到Mahavir(笩駄摩那——耆那教尊奉尊者大雄)坐著的身後有條五頭眼鏡蛇。或是上主毗濕奴坐著靜心而他身後有條眼鏡蛇。在智者們的相片裡,你也會看到展開頸項的眼鏡蛇在後面。你有看過這樣的相片嗎?這是非常微妙的事!
看,當你坐著靜心時,什麼事情在發生?你的意識變得很警覺,擴展和醒覺,就像你的身後有千頭眼鏡蛇般。眼鏡蛇代表警覺性你們有多少人在靜心的時候感受到頭的後方有很多的警覺性?一種醒覺狀態!所以眼鏡蛇象徵著能量的提升和伸展;一種警覺但同時也是放鬆的能量這並不是真的有眼鏡蛇在他們的頭後方,它是在深層的休息裡的醒覺的象徵,而這就是靜心——完全的休息,什麼都不要,什麼都不做,什麼都不是而就只是開放,像頸項伸展的眼鏡蛇;不費力的警覺。
對此有兩種的形容。其一人們用眼鏡蛇來形容,其二他們用花朵形容;就像是千朵花瓣的蓮花,在頭上盛開;在頂輪上。所以有些用花朵形容,很微細的,而有些形容它為眼鏡蛇代表警覺。兩者都形容得很好。
現在如果你不那樣覺得,那就表示你吃得太多了。那麼你就找不到任何眼鏡蛇,你只會找到水牛,因為你把自己塞的太滿了所以你覺得呆滯。這就是為什麼, 全世界的人都在討論禁食和祈禱;禁食和靜心。同一時間你也不可以禁食過度。有時候人們禁食了一整天但是晚上卻吃得太多。這也不好。禁食是有些規則要遵循的。自然療法師和醫生會給教你你要如何開始禁食而你又要如何慢慢的結束它。
有時候在聖母節我們禁食,又以禁食的名譽,我們盛宴。人們說,『我們不吃任何的穀類,我們只吃馬鈴薯』,所以我們就吃薯條和其它的。『我們不會吃飯,但是我們會吃米糕。』我告訴你這是作弊。真正的禁食也不包掛甜點(halwas )和油炸餅(puris )。這是錯誤的禁食。你不應該這樣禁食。
Alpahara Mitahara——少許的食物和容易消化的食物。這也可以算是禁食。少許的水果和水。所以你的身體不會太重和呆滯,然後靜心就會發生得比較好。同一時間過度的禁食會讓那你的Pitta(身體的熱能)過高而你也不能靜心。這就是為什麼喝足夠的水好讓身體裡的Pitta不會太高。

問:古儒吉,雖然上主毗濕奴和上主濕婆之間並沒有分別,誰才是源自於誰?在毗濕奴往世書裡讚頌上主毗濕奴而濕婆往世書裡讚頌上主濕婆。
古儒吉:當你在想,誰源自於誰,你的思想是線條型的。但是真理不是線條型的,它是圓體型的。這就是為什麼這是真的而那也是真的。你從哪一個角度看, 它就從哪裡來。如果你看到那裡看而那就是對的。如果你從這裡看而這就是對的。但是兩者都是一樣的。這就是圓體型思考。它取決於你從哪裡開始而往哪裡去。 濕婆和毗濕奴是不同的,但是他們也是相同
的。

問:在阿什塔夫梵歌裡,它說,『你可以繼續讀經典,但是唯有忘記經典你才能解脫。』那麼閱讀經典的目的是什麼呢?
古儒吉:看,你上巴士,但是你也需要從巴士下來。現在你如果和我爭論說,『如果我必須要下來那麼為什麼我要上巴士呢?』你從一個地方上巴士而你在另外一個地方下來。如果你必須要下來那麼為什麼你在最初的時候需要上巴士——這個爭議是不成立的。所以經典是讓你了解你的本質,宇宙的本質,卡在小小事情上的心智本質,然後給它更大的願景。所以知識就像是清潔劑。看,你在身上塗上肥皂然後過了一陣子你會把它洗掉,對嗎?!
同樣的,你有這個慾望,『我要解脫』,而這個慾望會帶你遠離其它的小慾望。但那時如果你繼續緊抓著這個念頭,那麼在一段時間過後它也會成為問題。你需要把它清洗掉然後變得自由。『我要解脫,我要解脫,我要解脫』,你就不能解脫。但是那個慾望在你脫離其它的小慾望之前是有必要的。然後到了一段時間之後你會說『如果我可以解脫那就隨它吧,否則就依照祂的旨意吧。』那個當下你就自由了。

問: Mahalaya Amavasya的象徵是什麼?
古儒吉:其實Amavasya 是獻給那些離世的靈魂。當你離開這個身體你會被一群天神或天使帶領到另外一個世界。Pururava, Vishvedeva——這些是他們的名字。他們來帶領你從一個層面到另一個層面。Mahalaya Amavasya是你紀念所有離世的靈魂並感謝他們和祝福他們讓平安與他們同在。
在古傳統裡家人會拿些芝麻和一些米,然後他們想著他們的祖先並說,『願你滿足,願你滿足,願你滿足。』他們這麼說三次然後他們用些水把芝麻灑下。這個儀式是為了告訴那些離世的——如果你心裡還有慾望,要知道它們就像是芝麻那樣。他們是微不足道的,放下它們吧。我們會幫你處理它們。你會自由,快樂和滿 足!浩瀚的宇宙就在你面前,所以往前看並先前走吧;把那些拉扯著你的都放下。這就叫做Tarpana。
Tarpana意思是帶給那些離世的人滿足和圓滿。做這的原因是要告訴他們要滿足並向前去。
水是愛的象徵。給別人水就是給予愛。在梵文,Ap的意思是水而它也是指愛。而在梵文裡最親愛的人被稱為Apta。所以,在他們的記憶裡,你給他們水象徵著愛所以這被稱為Mahalaya Amavasya。在這一天你會憶起你所有的祖先。
在吠陀傳統裡,母系的三代和父系的三代,還有其他的朋友,親戚和任何到了彼岸的人都會被追憶。憶起他們並告訴他們要滿足。通常為了追憶他們,人們會做些慈善,他們會給別人或動物一些食物。
這幾乎都在全世界的文化裡。我很意外看到墨西哥也有這個。在墨西哥,每一年的11月2號,人們會慶祝這個。相同的在中國也是。在中國的傳統裡,他們有一天是紀念祖先的,而那些他們祖先喜歡的,他們就會做那些並把它獻給他們。他們在新加坡也那麼做。雖然新加坡是很乾淨的國家,但是一年裡的那麼一天它會變骯髒幾個小時因為人們在街上慶祝這個。你知道他們做什麼嗎?他們會用紙皮做些大房子和車子然後在街上把它們焚燒好讓它們去到祖先那裡。他們也買很多假鈔然後把它焚燒好讓在彼岸的人可以收到這個供奉並給予祝福。
幾乎全世界,自古代的文明,人們都實行這個。在基督教也是,有那麼一天被稱為萬聖節而所有的祖先會被紀念。在這一天人們到墳墓去並為那些離世的人祈禱。這麼做是為了提醒自己生命是短暫的,那些人活了那麼多年而現在他們也走了。我們來到這個世界而有一天我們也會走所以你祝福他們平安並感謝他們。這是主要的理念。
在印度這個儀式是以梵文進行所以人們不明白它。那些祭司會念些什麼然後他們叫你做這個做那個,而你就只是帶著信念去做。這也不錯但是有一點點的理解會更好。

問:古儒吉,我們的祖先和父母親的業力會影響我們嗎?我們會不會因為他們的業力而受懲罰呢?

古儒吉:聽好,如果你的祖先留下了一棟房子給你,這會是你的福利對嗎?他們賺了很多錢,勞苦功高,建了棟房子也將它留給你。你正在享受著他們的業力,對嗎?如果他們在銀行欠下一大筆債務然後離開,而你就需要去還清這些債務,這也是你的業力。所以自然而然的它會影響你。

然而不只是你的父母而已,你的夥伴也是會影響你。如果你一直和一些很沮喪的人坐在一起,你也會覺得很低落和沮喪。如果你被充滿快樂和富有靈修的人陪伴,你的業力也會改善。你不能脫離世間裡好的或壞的業力。我們必須繼續前進,因為有些時候我們會需要面對一些病人。你不能說我不要靠近病人。如果每一個人都那麼說的話,那麼所有的醫院和病人會怎麼樣?所以在這個世間我們需要和大家在一起,而知識和義工服務會保護你。這些叫做Kawach。念誦Om Namah Shivaya就像是圍繞著你的盔甲,就像是Kawach那樣。它從那些不必要的業力中保護著你,而那些不太好的影響也會被去除。不過你也不需要一天唱誦24個小時的 Om Namah Shivaya。如果你那麼做的話,你的頭腦會變得很枯燥。一天幾分鐘就可以了,就像刷牙那樣。就如保持牙齒的整潔衛生,你的精神也需要保持整潔衛生。幾分鐘的唱誦,幾分鐘的靜心會有所幫助。

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